Nara Period (710 AD – 794AD)

The Nara period is inaugurated by the construction of a new capital at Nara based on the Chinese architecture, which remained capital for 70 years until it was moved frequently around Nara, Kyoto and Osaka. Chinese culture influence was increased. Buddhism and Confucianism were harnessed together to support administration and political authorities. Political administration, including taxation and land control became increasingly centralized. Ritsuryo system based on Kochi-Komin concept, in which all the land and people belongs to emperor was collapsed due to peasants poor condition, taxes and growing number of homeless.

With the revival of Taiho institution under the official patronage, Buddhism culture and art were flourished and Buddhist temple Todaiji in Nara with many other temples in the provinces were constructed. Kojiki and Nihon Shoki, the first written history of Japan was published following the first Japanese poetry Mansyoshu, compiled using Chinese characters.

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