Kamakura Period (1185 AD – 1333 AD)

Mina Moto no Yoritomo became Japan’s first permanent shogun in 1192. He established military government, created military, feudal and judicial systems lasted almost for 700 years until the resign of last shogun in 1867.

During 11th and 12th century the imperial Govt. was too weak to keep law and order in the country. In 1156 the death of emperor led Minamotos and Taira, both feudal powers, engaged in one of the most celebrated and hard-fought struggles between them for supremacy, with ultimate victory of Minamotos clan in 1185. This marked the end of the imperial throne as the source of effective political power and began of the feudal rule under shoguns, for the next seven centuries.

The shogunate assumed control of the administration of justice, imperial succession and defense of the country bypassing the govt. in Kyoto, against the attempted invasions of Mangols in the late 13th century. A new ruling Military class increases its power by controlling tax-free landed estates ( shoen ) administrated by stewards called JITO. In 1252, the Great Kamakura Buddha was constructed- a part of Koyokuin Temple of the Jodo sect prevailing during Kamakura period. This period was notable for military expeditions, which inspired composition of HEIKI MONOGATARI – a military epic which depicted the events of struggle between Taira and Yoritomo families.

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