Edo Period or Tokugawa period ( 1600 AD – 1867 AD)

In 1603 the last king of Shogunate moved his capital to Edo, the present Tokyo and this was the beginning of Edo period.

This was the major turning point in the history of Japan. Tokugawa Ieyasu created the mold in which almost every facet of nation’s life particularly political and social institutions was casted for the next 265 years. Feudal lords consolidated their power by instituting a political structure known as Bakuhan system under which the military lords (DIAMO) govern their own domains (CHAN) but being loyal to the Shoen.

Edo period which lasted until 1867 – was a long period of internal peace, achieved by Shogunate’s. Absolute consolidation of power with close control of country’s feudal lords by balancing domains and enforcing status distinction between samurais, peasant, artisans and merchant class. This period is known as the extended period of national isolation in which all the contract with foreigners were banned except Dutch traders, who enlighten Japanese of western Medicine and other sciences. This enabled Japan to enjoy stability and developing its indigenous culture. Kabuki theatre tradition, Haiku poetry and the refinement of wood – block printing were some of the significant achievements of this period

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